If you would like to put in Graphical Interface of Kali Linux, you ought to have atleast 2 GB of RAM and 20 GB of hard disk space. Your computer should also support amd64 or i386 architecture.
Kali Linux Step by Step Installation on Hard Disk
Download Kali Linux from Official Kali Linux Website and before installing, Verify the Integrity and Authenticity of Kali Linux ISO image because there might be the likelihood that Kali Linux setup file is infected with virus that would compromise your data.
Load Kali Linux Installer from Bootable USB
After verifying your Kali Linux ISO image, Create Kali Linux Bootable USB drive on Windows. Boot your computer from USB Drive. Once the BIOS is started from the USB, Kali Linux Installer Menu (BIOS Mode) will appear on the screen. Different options will appear on screen, by using arrow keys we will choose Graphical Install. Then hit enter to start out the installation process.
Choose Language, Country and Keyboard for Kali Linux Installation Process
We will cover each step in detail. In this step, we are selecting English for Language, United States for Country and American English for the Keyboard Layout
Installer Detecting Hardware and Loading Components
In this step, Kali Linux will detect your system hardware automatically and will automatically load the required components which are necessary for Kali Linux.
Configure Network in Kali Linux
Network configuration will be done in this step and will ask for the domain name (if any).
Setup Username and Password in Kali Linux
Here Kali Linux installer will setup the username and password of Kali Linux operating system.
Configuring Clock and Time Zone Selection in Kali Linux
Here you will choose Time Zone of your country. If your country has multiple time zones then you need to select the time zone which you want to use.
Partitioning in Kali Linux
Partitioning is a way of dividing the available disk space into multiple sections. In this section, you need to choose the partitioning mode. We are choosing “Guided-use entire disk” option which is the simpler partitioning scheme. This mode will allocate an entire disk to Kali Linux. Remaining partitioning choices are for experienced users. We want to make it simple, so every user can understand the installation process.
In the next step, Kali Linux will be installed on the allocated partition. Once selected it will erase all data on the disk (So choose wisely).
Here partitioning method “All files in one partition” is selected which is recommended for new users. Here entire Linux System is stored in a single tree structure which corresponds to the root directory (“/”)
Before the installation, installer presents a summary of your choices which you have chosen. You can modify the choices by clicking on the options. Now go ahead with the option “Finish partitioning and write changes to disk”. Before clicking on the continue button, make sure you have gone through the summary section and you have selected the right options because this will erase all the data from your selected disk.
Configure Packet Manager
In Kali Linux, we need a lot of additional packages or softwares. For this, we need Advanced Package Tool (APT) that is used for interaction with dpkg packaging system. In this step, APT will be configured and will let the Kali Linux know that from where Debian Packages can be installed.
List of Pre-defined Softwares in Kali Linux
Till now, only the base system is installed. In order to work with information gathering, packet sniffing, spoofing tools, we need lot of softwares to work with. Kali Linux installer has a list of pre-defined softwares which we can install. You can choose the list of softwares which you want to install. But you also have a option to install these softwares later on using APT.
Configure Display Manager
Select the display manager which you want to use by default. Display manager is used to provide the graphical login capabilities for the systems.
Install Grub Boot Loader
GRUB should be installed into MBR (Master Boot Record) unless you have another Linux operating system is installed into your machine, which knows how to boot Kali Linux. GRUB is the first program started by BIOS. GRUB loads Linux kernel into memory and run it.
Kali Linux Installation Complete
Kali Linux installation is completed now. Now unplug your USB from the system. So your system can boot from the newly installed Kali Linux.